Archive | October, 2012

Decolonization and Nationalism Triumphant: Crash Course World History #40

30 Oct

“In which John Green teaches you about the post-World War II breakup of most of the European empires. As you’ll remember from previous installments of Crash Course, Europeans spent several centuries sailing around the world creating empires, despite the fact that most of the places they conquered were perfectly happy to carry on alone. After World War II, most of these empires collapsed. This is the story of those collapses. In most places, the end of empire was not orderly, and violence often ensued. While India was a (sort of) shining example of non-violent change, in places like The Congo, Egypt, Rwanda, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos, things didn’t go smoothly at all. John brings you all this, plus pictures of Sea Monkeys. Sadly, they don’t look anything like those awesome commercials in the comic books.”

HISTORY CHANNEL: Ancient Drugs

30 Oct

“Since mankind’s beginning, in every civilization, human beings have found ways to alter their consciousness in search of something “greater” than everyday reality. To this end, we have indulged in and experimented with all manner of frightening, toxic, even potentially lethal substances, in many different rituals.
ANCIENT DRUGS delves into mankind’s psyche in search of the key to our pervasive drive to experience something “beyond.” Psychologists and physicians, including Dr. Andrew Weil, world-famous author of the bestselling Spontaneous Healing, offer insight into the physical and mental mechanisms and motivations behind this universal desire. Historians and spiritualists explore the ancient rituals of cultures worldwide that have sought visions and truth through altered consciousness, and illuminate the terrifying, exquisite visions that are revealed to those who journey beyond the constraints of the conscious mind.”

The Huguenot Society of Great Britain and Ireland

30 Oct

The Huguenot Society of Great Britain and Ireland

Huguenot History

Huguenot History

Who were the Huguenots? The origin of the word is obscure, but it was the name given in the 16th century to the Protestants in France, particularly by their enemies.

The impact of the Protestant Reformation was felt throughout Europe in the early 16th Century. Its greatest protagonists were the German Martin Luther and the Frenchman Jean Calvin. In France Calvinism penetrated all ranks of society, especially those of the literate craftsmen in the towns and of the nobility. There were eight civil wars in France between 1562 and 1598 – the Wars of Religion.

 The charter of Edward VI (1547-53) enabled the first FrenchThe Tympanum, French Church, Soho Square, London. Edward VI hands his Charter to the Refugees in 1550
protestant church to be set up in England. Descended from this church is the one in Soho square.
In 1589 the Protestant Henri de Bourbon, King of Navarre, inherited the French throne after the deaths of his three Valois cousins, sons of Catherine De Medici. Civil war continued, so in 1593, in the spirit of ‘Paris is worth a Mass‘, Henri converted to Catholicism. Five years later the civil wars ended and Henri issued the Edict of Nantes which gave the Huguenots, his former co-religionists and comrades in arms, considerable privileges, including widespread religious liberty. Over time Huguenots became loyal subjects of the French crown.

However, their position became increasingly insecure as King Louis XIV, grandson of Henri IV, listened more and more to those who advised him that the existence of this sizeable religious minority was a threat to the absolute authority of the monarch. Gradually the Huguenots’ privileges were eroded. In the 1680s Protestants in certain parts of France were deliberately terrorised by the billeting of unruly troops in their homes [‘the Dragonnades’]. Finally, in 1685 Louis revoked the Edict of Nantes, while exiling all Protestant pastors and at the same time forbidding the laity to leave France. To the considerable surprise of the government many did leave, often at great risk to themselves. Men who were caught, if not executed, were sent as galley slaves to the French fleet in the Mediterranean. Women were imprisoned and their children sent to convents.

About 200,000 Huguenots left France, settling in non-Catholic Europe – the Netherlands, Germany, especially Prussia, Switzerland, Scandinavia, and even as far as Russia where Huguenot craftsmen could find customers at the court of the Czars. The Dutch East India Company sent a few hundred to the Cape to develop the vineyards in southern Africa. About 50,000 came to England, perhaps about 10,000 moving on to Ireland. So there are many inhabitants of these islands who have Huguenot blood in their veins, whether or not they still bear one of the hundreds of French names of those who took refuge here – thus bringing the word ‘refugee’ into the English language.

Because of the political climate of the time, in a Britain strongly suspicious of the aims of Louis XIV’s France, and in fact about to begin a series of wars to curb those ambitions, the Huguenots were on the whole welcomed here.

Map showing refugee routes.

This map indicates the main routes used by Huguenot refugees, the countries to which they went and the numbers settling in each area.

However, as the pamphlet literature of the time shows, they could not entirely escape the accusations levelled at immigrants from time immemorial -that their presence threatened jobs, standards of housing, public order, morality and hygiene and even that they ate strange foods! For at least half a century the Huguenots remained a recognisable minority, making their presence felt in banking, commerce, industry, the book trade, the arts and the army, on the stage and in teaching. Although many retained their Calvinist organisation and worship – treated more generously by government than home-grown nonconformity – by about 1760 they had ceased to stand out as foreign, even following the path of Anglican conformity in religion which some had taken from the very beginning.

 

All Of The FamilySearch Indexing Project Newsletters At Your Fingertips; Newsletters From July 2010 To October 2012

30 Oct

Tony's Genealogy Blog at the Schaumburg Township District Library

Hi Everyone!

I was doing some searching for one thing and came upon something else that may actually be more interesting and valuable than my initial search.

FamilySearch publishes Newsletters relating to the massive indexing project they have going on.  I had been a heavily involved indexer in the past but have not been as active lately.  I believe FamilySearch was e-mailing these Newsletters to me when I was more active.  I have not been receiving these Newsletters directly of late.

I found them to be fascinating and informative both intended for those that are indexing and arbitrating as well as motivational to those that may not have yet taken the plunge to index but are interested in knowing more of what is going on with the project.

I did discover where in FamilySearch all of these published Newsletters exist .

I thought this would be good to share with…

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Today in History for October 28th

28 Oct

IRAN Documentary Yesterday and Today : Rick Steves

28 Oct

“Join Rick as he explores the most surprising and fascinating land he’s ever visited: Iran. In this one-hour, ground-breaking travel special, you’ll discover the splendid monuments of Iran’s rich and glorious past, learn more about the 20th-century story of this perplexing nation, and experience Iranian life today in its historic capital and in a countryside village. Most important, you’ll meet the people of a nation whose government has so exasperated our own.”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D61uriEGsIM&feature=related

 

Jonas Salk- Born This Day 1914- Discovered First Vaccine For Polio

28 Oct

slicethelife

Jonas Salk the medical researcher who came up with the first polio vaccine was born on this day in 1914. Salk died at the age of 80 in 1995. Salk did more to help the country and the world than most of the presidents of the United States have done. The news of the polio vaccine’s success was made public in 1955 and Salk was called a miracle worker and celebrated all over the world. Salk had no interest in personal gain on his discovery. When asked if he had the vaccine patented he replied ” There is no patent. Can you patent the sun?”

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